The supergiant full moon in July will be the largest and brightest moon in 2022

The second consecutive “super moons” will glow in the night sky this week as the full “buck moon” rises in July 2022 and give sky-watchers a special summer treat.

Here are some things to know about the July full moon, when to see it and why it’s so unique among this year’s moons.

What day will the July full moon be?

The first full moon of the summer season (the June moon turned full a week before the summer solstice) will officially arrive at 2:37 p.m. ET on Wednesday, July 13. Therefore, it will be at its largest and brightest when it rises above the horizon on Wednesday night.

If that’s not a good option for you, consider that the moon will appear at 98% full on the night of Tuesday, July 12, and have 99% of illumination on Thursday, July 14.

The July supermoon will begin to rise in the southeast skies over Newark and New York City at 9 p.m. Wednesday, and set in around 6:10 a.m. Thursday, according to TimeAndDate.com. The near-full moon will rise again at 9:48 p.m. Thursday and set at 7:32 a.m. Friday.

For moonrise and sunset times in your city or town, check this schedule.

The full moon on July 13, 2022 will be a “giant moon” due to its proximity to Earth. The image here is of last month’s “strawberry giant moon” as it rose in front of the Statue of Liberty in New York City. Experts say that this week’s supermoon will be the biggest and brightest moon of the year.

Astronomy enthusiasts consider a supermoon to be a full moon when its elliptical orbit is closer to Earth than the average full moon. As a result, it can appear a little larger and up to 30% brighter than usual – especially when it starts rising above the horizon or if weather conditions are ideal.

Many astronomy buffs, including those in Sky & Telescope magazine, believe a supermoon is a full moon that tracks less than 223,000 miles from Earth at the closest point to its orbit, known as perigee. TimeAndDate.com, which writes a lot about big sky events, uses 223,694 miles (360,000 kilometers) as the benchmark for supermoons.

Because different experts use different distances, some classify more moons as giant moons and others classify less. In 2022, more experts seem to agree that the July full moon will be the second of only two supermoons this year (June was the other).

But some consider the May full moon to be the supermoon and others place the August moon in the same classification, bringing the annual total to four.

Regardless of the number, based on its distance from Earth by the time it becomes a full moon, the July 13 moon will be the closest of the year — at 222,089 miles — making it the largest and brightest full moon in 2022.

July Full Moon - Buck Moon

The full moon of July, known as a “buck moon,” will glow in the night sky this week. The moon will reach its fullest phase on Wednesday, July 13, 2022.Neil Herbert | National Park Service

The Algonquin Native American tribes in the eastern region of the United States called this full moon “Pak Moon,” according to NASA and the Old Farmer’s Almanac, because this time of year is when new male deer antlers appear. In full growth stage.

The Old Farmers’ Almanac and its competing version, the Farmers’ Almanac, says the July moon is also called a “thunder moon,” due to the frequency of thunderstorms that struck during this hot summer month. It has also been called the “straw moon”.

Other Native American tribes called this moon the following, directly translated into English:

  • “The Ripe Corn Moon” – the Cherokee
  • “Midsummer Moon” – Bunka tribe
  • “The moon when the fruits cut the limbs of the trees” – Zuni tribe
Full moon dates and titles 2022

After the “super moon” on July 13, the next full moon of 2022 will illuminate the night sky on August 3. 11.Lyn Melesurgo | NJ Advance Media for NJ.com

After the July full moon ends its lunar cycle, the next full moon will glow in the sky on Thursday, August 3. 11. The so-called “sturgeon moon” will officially become full on that day at 9:35 pm

Don’t forget to look out for the Perseids – known for having one of the best meteor showers of the year. This shower will begin with scattered stars on July 14, but it won’t peak until the second week of August, according to the American Meteorological Society.

This summer Perseids are expected to be most active on an August night. 11 in the early morning hours of August. 12. However, the timing will be bad for sky watchers, because the moon will be 100% full.

The American Meteorological Society says that people in dark, rural areas, far from the glare of city lights, can usually see up to 60 to 75 meteors per hour during the peak period. But it is likely that the brightness of the August full moon will reduce the visibility of falling stars, especially fainter stars.

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Len Melisurgo can be reached in LMelisurgo@njadvancemedia.com.

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