The Senate is preparing to pass the first major gun safety legislation in decades after a bipartisan agreement

Procedurally speaking, the legislation still faces a number of hurdles to clear in the Senate — it faces two additional key votes to break the stall and then final passage — but it has the support of Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell, and Tuesday’s vote drew more than a minimum of The 10 Republican votes that will be needed to overcome the disruption. Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer said he could pass the Senate by the end of the week, then move to the House.

If passed, it would be the most significant new federal legislation to address gun violence since the 10-year assault weapons ban expired in 1994—although it failed to ban any weapons and is far less than what Democrats and polls show most Americans want to see.

“As the author of the Brady Background Check Bill, which passed in 1994, I am pleased that for the first time in nearly 30 years, Congress is back on track to take meaningful action to address gun violence,” Schumer said Tuesday night. .

The bill includes millions of dollars for mental health, school safety, crisis intervention programs and incentives for states to include juvenile records in the prompt national system for criminal background checks.

It also makes big changes to the process when someone between 18 and 21 goes to buy a firearm and closes the so-called friend loophole, a huge victory for Democrats, who fought for a decade for it.

The release of the text of the law came days after lawmakers haggled over several sticking points, raising questions about whether the effort will collapse. Lawmakers now have to race the clock before leaving the Senate for the Fourth of July recess in an effort to get the bill out of the House.

Schumer praised bipartisan negotiators Tuesday night and said the bill represented “progress and would save lives.”

“While this legislation is not all we want, it is badly needed,” the New York Democrat added in remarks on the Senate floor.

The bill — titled the Bipartisan Safer Communities Act — was passed by Republican senators. John Cornyn of Texas and Tom Telles of North Carolina, Senate Democrat. Chris Murphy of Connecticut and Kirsten Cinemas of Arizona.

Besides McConnell, Tellis and Cornyn, the Republican senators who voted to advance the legislation Tuesday, at the Senate press fair, were: Joni Ernst of Iowa, Todd Young of Indiana, Shelley Moore Capito of West Virginia, and Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, Roy Blunt from Missouri, Richard Burr from North Carolina, Bill Cassidy from Louisiana, Susan Collins from Maine, Lindsey Graham from South Carolina, Rob Portman from Ohio and Mitt Romney from Utah. McConnell, Ernest and Capito, who lead the Republican Party, as well as Murkowski and Young, were not part of the 10 Republicans who initially signed on to support the Gun Safety Framework.

What’s on the bill

The following is a detail of what is contained in the legislation:
  • $750 million to help countries implement and manage crisis intervention programmes. Funds can be used to implement and administer alert programs and for other crisis intervention programs such as mental health courts, drug courts, and veteran courts. Whether this money could be used for things other than red flag laws has been a major sticking point. The Republicans were able to secure funds for states that did not have warning laws but had other crisis intervention programs.
  • Close the so-called friend loophole. This legislation closes a year-old loophole in the Domestic Violence Act that prevents individuals who have been convicted of domestic violence offenses against a married partner, or partners with whom they share children or cohabiting partners, from owning weapons. Old laws did not include intimate partners who might not live together, marry, or share children. Now, the law will prohibit anyone convicted of a domestic violence crime against someone with whom they have a “serious ongoing relationship of a romantic or intimate nature” from owning a gun. The law is not retroactive. However, those convicted of domestic violence misdemeanors will be allowed to regain their rights to bear arms after five years if they have not committed other crimes. This is a major concession to the Republicans.
  • It requires more gun sellers to register as federally licensed firearms dealers. The bill pursues individuals who sell guns as primary sources of income but previously evaded registration as federally licensed firearms dealers. This is important because federally licensed dealers are required to run background checks before selling a gun to someone.
  • More comprehensive reviews for people aged 18-21 who want to buy guns. The bill encourages states to include juvenile records in the national prompt background check system with grants, as well as implement a new protocol for checking those records. NICS gives three days to review an individual’s record. If an ineligible warrant appears, NICS gets an additional seven days. If the review has not been completed by that time, the weapon will be transferred.
  • Creates new federal laws against gun smuggling and straw smuggling. Those who buy guns are easier to prosecute for individuals who are not allowed to buy guns themselves.
  • Increase funding for mental health and school security programs. This money is directed to a series of programmes, many of which already exist but will be funded more powerfully under this law.

This story and headlines were updated with additional developments on Tuesday.

CNN’s Manu Raju and Shona Maizel contributed to this report.

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