The history of the first connection to Indonesia, the beginning of the entry of the Internet into the country

KOMPAS.com – Today 28 years ago, June 7, 1994 to be exact, was a historic moment where ping Entered Indonesia for the first time.

Nowadays, most people think so ping As usual to start chat.

but, ping He became the first to enter Indonesia a separate historical record for the development of the Internet in the country.

ping represent Grouper web packages. ping It actually checks the status in the network Transport Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).

IPTEKnet is the first enterprise in Indonesia connected to the Internet using TCP / IP technology and has been successfully received ping From outside.

ping It was sent by someone named Randy Bush from Portland, Oregon, United States (US) who was then reported to colleagues at the National Science Foundation (NSF) of the United States.

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This process is documented at nsrc.org. In the report on Indonesia’s first IP connection from IPTEKnet was recorded leased lines 64 kbps takes time ping About 750 milliseconds from the US.

The Internet has changed many things in the world, making it a basic need for urban society.

So, what is the history of the development of the Internet in Indonesia?

Initially only used by academics

It all started in 1968, when the US Department of Defense researched and developed a network called ARPAnet. This network allows computers of different brands to communicate with each other.

To improve physical networks, scientists around the world have developed a communication protocol called TCP/IP.

Especially for the situation in Indonesia, which was once far from the “center” of the Internet, development has been attempted since 1983 by the University of Indonesia (UI) Computer Science Center.

I mentioned from daily compassOn May 21, 1995, this network is called UInet.

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Since 1986, UInet has successfully linked User Interface, Bandung Institute of Technology (ITB), Ten November Institute of Technology (ITS) and Gadja Mada University (UGM) to access local Internet networks.

The Internet in the academic environment continued to grow until the emergence of the Integrated University Network of Indonesia (Juita) on May 15, 1995, whose operations were dedicated to internal user interface users.

At that time, the internet access speed was only 1200 bits per second (bits per second) and was limited to email or email only.

science and technology

The government wants to create an Internet that is not limited to academics. Therefore, IPTEKnet was designed.

IPTEKnet is a consortium of several research institutions, such as the Agency for Evaluation and Application of Technology (BPPT), Postaca Bogor (Ministry of Agriculture for Research and Development), Posdata (Ministry of Industry), Central Statistical Office, PDII-LIPI, Research and Development – Ministry of Health.

These institutions are the six nodes of information providers in Indonesia.

It also cooperated with the National Library and many universities.

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Reported from the BPPT official website, the purpose of establishing IPTEKnet is to develop prototype, and maintain the coordination momentum that has been built between nodes.

The plan is to make connections between nodes automatically phone call. BPPT is set as trigger Network Operation Center (No Objection Certificate) IPTEKnet.

This type of system is operated in developed countries such as the United States, where computer facilities in that country use software local area network (LAN) which is then connected to multiple computers or personal computers.

With this system, IPTEKnet wants to reach different regions in Indonesia far apart.

The National Research Council (DRN) has been charged with the responsibility of preparing assistance and guidance at the policy level of IPTEKnet.

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Through IPTEKnet, the public is also expected to have access to national and international scientific and technological information in the fields of industry, research, statistics, bibliography and services.

It is expected that the e-mail facilities and access to the World Wide Web will be available to a wider audience, not limited to academics.

Through these local gates, telephone costs for accessing the “central” Internet are calculated using local pulses.

The success of IPTEKnet in the TCP/IP network was marked by a ping test that entered Indonesia on June 7, 1994.

commercial internet

The commercial internet provider in Indonesia was launched by Indo Internet in September 1994.

After Indonit, until the late 1990s, a number of ISPs or ISPs were set up, including PT Rahardjasa Internet (Radnet) in 1995, Wasantara Network developed by PT Pos Indonesia in 1996, IndosatNet in 1996, and Telkomnet in 1998.

Another way to access the Internet is through Indo Gate and newspapers Gate At 14.4 kilobytes per second.

The Indo Gateway has gates in Australia (Dialix) and the United States (UUnet), while you enter Kalawarta via Indonet, which is operated by Indo Internet.

In the commercial line, the business of the private sector cannot be separated from the support of Telkom and Indosat, which provide the infrastructure and relationships at home and abroad.

The public’s interest in the commercial Internet has proven to be enormous.

PT Rahajasa Media Internet, which operates Radnet, reported that within a week of launching Rednet, it immediately acquired 500 potential customers.

Meanwhile, the director of Sistelindo Mitra Lintas, Dikdik Hasan, stated that it managed to attract around 1,000 users in three days.

With internet speeds below 1 Mbps, users are charged 50,000 rupees for 30 hour access, and if more than that, an additional 2,000 rupees per hour will be charged.

Internet today

The internet, initially used only for academics, became a government program, then marketed, and is now an important aspect of people’s lives.

Based on data from the global Statshot report published by HootSuite and We Are Social, as of January 2022, the number of Internet users in Indonesia alone has been reported to have reached 204.7 million out of a total population of 277.7 million.

This means that about 73.7% of Indonesians live on the Internet.

Almost all or as many as 94.9 percent of Internet users use the Internet to access the Internet using smart phone Or a mobile phone that can be connected to the Internet.

This percentage is higher than for users who access the Internet using a computer or personal computer, which is 62.9 percent.

Of this number, the average duration of Internet users in Indonesia is 8 hours and 8 minutes per day.

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