Business.comJakarta – Everyone is currently using the internet to support activities, whether at work or school. Unfortunately, Indonesia’s website is still far from other countries, ranking 105 globally.
According to the Speedtest Global Index report, Indonesia’s Internet site was ranked 105th globally in May 2022. The average download speed is 16.52Mbps, the upload speed is 9.90Mbps, and the latency is 28ms.
However, this position decreased 5 places compared to the previous month. At that time, the download speed was 17.96 Mbps, the upload was 10.22 Mbps, and the latency was 27 ms.
The head of the Indonesian Internet Service Providers Association (APJII) Muhammad Arif said that the issue of internet speed was affected by many things. Moreover, Indonesia is a very large country with a rather high population.
“Of course this would be different when compared to a country with a small population. Of course we will witness that SpeedAref said Monday (11/7/2022).
Arif does not deny that internet speed is very important, especially in today’s digital age. Everyone who uses technology in their activities definitely wants a high quality network as well as uninterrupted speed.
However, according to him, the most important thing is the country’s Internet coverage. He hopes that the society will be able to realize and enjoy the government’s program of East-West Connection.
“I hope we get better now coverage First, so that more people can receive Internet services. We hope that the Ministry of Communications and Informatics’ BAKTI program for the Palapa and Satria loop will soon increase the reach of the network in Indonesia.”
Meanwhile, Minister of Communications and Information (MincomInfo) Johnny J Plait said that Indonesia needs at least 1 terabyte per second of satellite capacity until 2030. Currently, there are only 8 satellites to meet the national communication needs with a total capacity of 50 gigabits per second.
Of that amount, he said, the government sector uses 27 gigabits per second, so it required a large amount of money to provide these services.
“The rest is used in the private telecommunications sector,” Johnny said.
Therefore, he confirmed that the government is currently preparing two high-throughput satellites (HTS) to be produced with a capacity of 2×150 Gbps or 300 Gbps (6 times the capacity of the current satellite).
Meanwhile, in the first quarter of 2023, the plan is to launch one satellite with a capacity of 150 Gbps from the United States. Meanwhile, another satellite will be launched from Europe in the second quarter of next year with the same capacity.
“In addition to HTS, the Ministry of Communications and Informatics recently granted landing rights [Landing Right] On the low Earth orbit satellite [LEO] from Starlink. There are also other operators like One Web, which we are currently evaluating, who also want to provide our core infrastructure services,” said Johnny.
The first satellite is the Indonesian multifunctional satellite project Raya (Satria-1). Currently, construction is still underway according to the schedule set by Thales in France.
The Satria-1 satellite project is a tangible form of government effort through the Ministry of Communications and Information to provide a comprehensive and equitable internet connection to all parts of the country, especially in the 3T region.
Later, after the manufacturing phase is completed, the Rp7.68 trillion satellite will be put into orbit from Cape Canaveral, Florida, US using an Elon Musk Falcon 9-5500 SpaceX rocket.
If production and launch into orbit go smoothly, by the end of 2023 Indonesia will officially have a satellite with the largest capacity in Asia and the fifth largest in the world.
If the current maximum throughput is 155 Mbps, then through HTS technology, data access speeds can penetrate 100 Gbps. HTS satellites are also capable of transmitting different frequencies on all types of transceivers, such as Ka-Band, Ku-Band and C-Band.
According to the plan, the government will use transmission from the Satria-1 satellite to provide internet access to 150,000 public service points with no internet access out of a total of 50,112 public service points in Indonesia. It consists of 93,900 educational facilities, 47,900 local government offices, 3,900 police and military headquarters, and 3,700 health centers.
As for the Palapa ring, Johnny said there are currently 12,400 km out of 359,000 km. Optical fiber In Indonesia, it is spread both on land and at sea. The Ministry of Communications and Information also started building Optical fiber The integration is about 12,100 km long on land and at sea.
At the same time, the Minister of Communications and Information followed up, and the government and cellular operators worked together to ensure that Base Transceiver Stations (BTS) were set up in 3T (front, back, and disadvantaged) and non-3T or commercial areas.
“This infrastructure development is expected to reduce the digital divide. Thus, the entire territory of Indonesia will be connected and provide access to the Internet and 4G networks as a source of information Backbones our contacts.”
Regarding cellular operators, a report from OpenSignal titled “Indonesia Mobile Network Experience Report” stated that Telkomsel, a subsidiary of PT Telkom Indonesia Persero Tbk. (TLKM) still dominates the network in Indonesia.
In the report, Telkomsel is the operator with the best download speed experience at 7.7Mbps, followed by Indosat at 7.2Mbps, XL at 6.7Mbps, Three at 5.9Mbps, and Smartfren at 1.7Mbps.
Meanwhile, for the Download Speed Experience, the XL managed to outperform at 18.7Mbps. Next, there’s Telkomsel 16.3 Mbps, Indosat (14.1 Mbps), Three (11.1 Mbps), and Smartfren (9 Mbps).
In connection with this achievement, Tri Wahyuningsih, Head of Corporate Communications at XL Axiata Group, claimed that XL Axiata has always focused on continuously improving the customer experience (Better customer experience), including the use of high-speed data services including Download speed.
“In order to be able to achieve this, we have made various efforts, including optimizing the network and maintaining security factors Cleanliness in the network and continue to increase capacity in the network according to the traffic and usage patterns of customers.”
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