- Prolonged COVID-19 is more common than most people realize, according to a new Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report.
- As many as one in five adults under the age of 65 with COVID-19, has prolonged COVID-19.
- The research showed that the common long-term symptoms of COVID were respiratory problems and pain in the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons or muscles.
New research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has found that COVID has long been more common than most people realize. The study, published earlier this week, found that one in five adults under the age of 65 has the condition.
For the study, researchers analyzed the electronic medical records of nearly two million people and compared people diagnosed with COVID-19 in the first 18 months of the pandemic to those who had never had the virus. The researchers looked for 26 different symptoms that could be linked to prolonged COVID and found that the most common symptoms of prolonged COVID were respiratory problems and musculoskeletal pain, that is, pain in the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons or muscles.
Researchers discovered that 30 to 365 days after people were diagnosed with COVID-19, 38% had developed one or more new health problems (compared to 16% of people who did not have COVID-19 but did go to the doctor). In people age 65 or older, 45% of those who contracted COVID-19 developed new health problems, compared to 19% of those who did not contract the virus.
The researchers found that the risk of prolonged COVID symptoms in people who had COVID-19 who were 65 years of age and older was between 20% and 120% higher than in people who had never had the virus. People between the ages of 18 and 64 have an 110% higher risk of developing most prolonged COVID symptoms.
“These findings are not at all surprising,” says Thomas Russo, professor and chair of the division of infectious diseases at the University of Buffalo in New York. This will be the next stage of the epidemic. It’s quite clear that the long COVID is real. A large portion of individuals are affected and for a long period of time.”
Although it’s important to note that your COVID-19 vaccination status was not considered in the CDC analysis, another large study published Wednesday says that your risk of contracting COVID for a prolonged period drops by only 15% if it is administered. your vaccination. Despite this, the study showed that vaccination appears to reduce the risk of developing lung disorders and blood clots.
Regardless of vaccination status, there are still plenty of scientists who don’t know anything about long-standing Covid disease in particular. But, there are some answers. Here’s what the experts know now.
What is the long covid disease again?
Long COVID, also known as post-COVID-19 cases, is an umbrella term used to describe a wide range of new, recurring, or persistent health problems that people experience after first infection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. , according to the Center for Disease Control.
There has been no testing for the coronavirus for a long time and symptoms can overlap with those of other health problems, making the condition difficult to diagnose, according to the CDC.
What are some of the possible long-term effects of COVID-19?
There is a potential laundry list Covid symptoms are long. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the most common ones include:
- Fatigue or tiredness that affects daily life
- Symptoms that get worse after physical or mental exertion
- Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
- Rapid heartbeat or palpitations
- Difficulty thinking or concentrating
- sleep problems
- Dizziness upon standing (light-headedness).
- Pins and needles feelings
- Change in smell or taste
- depression or anxiety
- stomach pain
- Joint or muscle pain
- Changes in menstrual cycles
But these can be symptoms of a host of other health conditions, which makes things difficult, says infectious disease expert Amesh A. Adalja, MD, a senior researcher at the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security. “It’s important to really identify symptoms that really impede and interfere with activities of daily living, versus people who have a cough that persists after an infection,” he says. “Many of the long COVID studies do not use control groups, so you can’t determine the true prevalence of some symptoms.”
Why are older adults at higher risk of contracting COVID for a prolonged period?
The study did not explore this, but Dr. Russo thinks it’s likely because older adults are at greater risk of contracting severe forms of COVID-19. “If you are asymptomatic or have a mild illness that does not lead to hospitalization, that in no way precludes you from having the potential to have COVID for a long time,” he says. “But most studies show that the more severe the disease you have, the more likely you are to have COVID for a long time.”
The CDC study found that people over the age of 65 were more likely to develop neurological and mental illnesses. “Post-COVID conditions affecting the nervous system are of particular concern because these conditions can lead to early entry into supportive services or investment of additional resources in care,” the researchers wrote.
How long do symptoms last after COVID-19 and before it is long considered COVID?
There have been different definitions of this, Dr. Some define someone as having had COVID for a long time when it has been at least 30 days since they were diagnosed with COVID and they developed symptoms, while others may be up to 90 days, Russo says.
(For what it’s worth, the CDC says that COVID-19 can be diagnosed as long after at least four weeks have passed after someone has contracted COVID-19.)
“We need a standard definition for study purposes so we can identify the population and move forward,” Dr. Russo says.
As for how long COVID symptoms can last, Dr. It really depends, Russo says. “Some people have had symptoms for more than a year at this point,” he says.
If you have unusual symptoms and have been suspecting you have Covid disease for a long time, Dr. Russo recommends doing your research to find a specialist center near you that treats these conditions. “There are an increasing number of post-COVID recovery centers,” he says. And if you can find an existing study of people with prolonged COVID symptoms, he suggests trying to include it. “Not only will this enable you to be a part of the solution, but you can also be at the forefront of some treatment methods,” he says.
This article is accurate to the time of publication. However, with the COVID-19 pandemic rapidly evolving and the scientific community’s understanding of the novel coronavirus, some information may have changed since its last update. While we aim to keep all of our stories updated, please visit the online resources provided by Center for Disease ControlAnd the Who is theand yours local public health department To stay informed of the latest news. Always speak to your doctor for professional medical advice.
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