Learn about the Internet, its development history and its benefits

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia The Internet has become an integral part of modern human life. Almost all people of different ages, ranging from children, teens and the elderly, are familiar with the Internet. This is because the Internet is able to connect the entire world in real time.

You can search for different types of information around the world using only the Internet, including when reading this article. The Internet can also connect you with people in other parts of the world without the need to visit you in person or the difficulty of flying.

What is the Internet?

Even though you know the Internet, you may not fully understand what the Internet is. Internet means interconnected network. As a global communications network that connects computers and computer networks around the world, the Internet allows you to share information and communicate from anywhere and with anyone.

Meanwhile, Transmission Control Protocol or Internet Protocol Suite (and short as TCP/IP) is used as a standard to support globally used Internet technologies. TCP/IP is a packet exchange protocol that can be used by billions of users in the world.

Understanding the Internet according to experts

After understanding the meaning of internet in general, let us learn about the meaning of internet according to experts. Here is the full explanation.

1. Understanding the Internet according to KBBI

According to KBBI or PUEBI, the Internet is an electronic communication network that connects computer networks and organized computer facilities around the world via telephone or satellite.

2. Understanding the Internet according to Onno W. Purbo

Onno W. Purbo, known as an IT personality and expert, defines the Internet as a medium that allows a communication process that can be run efficiently by connecting devices with different applications. The Internet is used to simplify the communication process that is communicated through many applications, such as web, VoIP, and email.

3. Understanding the Internet according to Drew Heywood

Drew Heywood (1996) in Microsoft TCP/IP Concepts and Applications (translated by Daniel MW), Internet is a technology term that emerged in the late 1960s, when the United States Department of Defense (DoD) needed a new standard for working on Internet communications.

This new standard is a standard that can connect different types of computers in the Department of Defense to the computers of military contractors, research organizations, or also scientific organizations such as universities. This network must be strong, secure and resistant to damage so that it can operate under minimal conditions in the event of a disaster or war.

Internet development history

The Internet has a long history. It first appeared in 1969 in the form of a computer network created by ARPA (Advance Research Projects Agency). ARPA built the first Internet network, which was later called the ARPANET. This is the beginning of shaping the Internet you know today.

The Internet continued to grow until the 1980s, when this network was able to connect the best universities in the United States, but access to it was limited. In 1982, the TCP/IP standard protocol was introduced to the public. The National Science Foundation Network (NSFNET) was only established in 1986 as an alternative to ARPANET. At that time, networks in many countries began to connect.

In the past, information obtained from the Internet was only text based. Only in 1990, CERN began developing a similar service based on graphic display known as WWW (World Wide Web). Later, InterNIC was established in 1993 to operate domain registration services. This is because rules appear for domain names and IP addresses in the form of numeric codes and certain formats as computer system identifiers.

Online login to Indonesia

After the emergence of InterNIC, the Internet entered Indonesia in 1994. At that time, the Internet in Indonesia was known by a unique name, the Paguyuban Network. Names, such as RMS Ibrahim, Adisoemarta, Suryono, Muhammad Ihsan, Putu, Robby Soebiakto, Firman Siregar, Adi Idrayanto and Onno Purbo are listed as one of the early development figures for the Internet in Indonesia, to be exact between 1992-1994.

Now, the internet has grown rapidly. Currently, many countries are competing to try to achieve and extend the reach of the Internet using satellite. On the other hand, the technology industry is also racing to develop networks. Starting with 2G, 3G, 4G and now up to 5G.

Internet benefits

After understanding what the internet is and its history, let’s learn about the benefits of the internet. It does not allow you to use the internet for daily activities, but you are still confused about the benefits. Here are the benefits of the internet that you may not have realized.

1. Information source

The Internet provides a wealth of information from all over the world. This happens because the Internet is able to connect many devices in the world to support the exchange of data and information. Therefore, you can get various information only through the Internet.

The way to get information on the Internet is by typing keywords into a search engine. Later, a selection of information that matches the keywords you typed will appear.

2. Education

Connecting the first benefits of the Internet as a source of information, the Internet is also useful for educational and cultural activities. Therefore, you can learn easily using the help of the Internet.

Many studies, books, or the like are shared on the Internet. So, you can download it and use it as a tutorial reference. As a worldwide interconnected computer network, the Internet can also teach you the cultural values ​​of every region and country.

3. Entertainment

Not only for important activities, the internet is also widely used as a place to find entertainment. Currently, there are many entertainment options that can be obtained from the Internet, such as watching movies and series, YouTube videos, social media content, or playing online games.

The Internet has even replaced the role of other entertainment, such as television and radio. It is not infrequent that there are people who also prefer to find entertainment on the Internet rather than having to meet other people directly.

4. Supporting economic activities

Finally, the Internet also has benefits for supporting economic activities. Technological development allows economic activities to be carried out online or through marketplaces, e-commerce or online stores.

This makes you do not have to bother dealing directly when you want to buy and sell merchandise. Simply using the Internet, transactions can be completed without having to move from a chair or even a bed.

The negative impact of the Internet

In addition to providing many benefits, the presence of the Internet also has a negative impact. Perhaps you are not aware of the negative impact of the Internet or even consider it a normal thing. Here are the negative effects of the Internet.

1. Hate speech

The Internet makes it easy to share information. However, this convenience is also in line with criticizing anyone via social media. Even worse, such criticism can exist without a clear basis and is likely to lead to hate speech.

There is not yet a candidate on the Internet to deal with this hate speech. Usually, famous personalities or public figures become easy targets for people who abuse the Internet as a venue for hate speech.

So, make it a habit to search for information clearly and emphatically so that it is not easily consumed by fake news or hate speech. In addition, freedom of expression on social media is not a way to criticize without a clear basis, and even insult others.

2. Lots of illegal content

The internet also makes a lot of illegal content pop up. There are videos that contain inappropriate things, such as immoral acts, crimes and inappropriate child pornography. This makes adults need to exercise control over children who use the Internet.

In addition to this, there is also movie content of illegal music circulating on the Internet. This obviously violates copyrights and laws and harms the relevant authorities. Illegal content on the Internet also has the ability to bring viruses and malware that can harm your device.

3. Internet Crimes

Another negative effect of the Internet is cybercrime. Crime is not only in the real world, but also the virtual world or the Internet. Cybercriminals usually target innocent people or often share important data on the Internet.

Various cyber crimes, such as hacking, hacking and spam. The internet that should give you comfort has actually become a place to commit crimes in the hands of irresponsible people.

The difference between the Internet, intranet and extranet

1. Internet

As we explained earlier, the Internet is able to connect many computer networks around the world. The Internet connects not only a company or a region, but the entire world.

2. Intranet

Meanwhile, intranet is used to speed up the process of exchanging information or data within a company or organization. Internal networks are usually operated using LAN (Local Area Network) or WAN (Wide Area Network). The main function of an intranet is to connect a computer to another computer or network device within the company.

3. Extranet

Whereas, an extranet is a network that usually connects the intranet of the parent company to the intranets of the company’s customers. Therefore, the process of communicating and sending information becomes easier.

The main function of an extranet is to facilitate the exchange of large-scale data from one company to another. Extranets also act as access providers that contain important information and databases for business purposes.

Well, this is the meaning of the Internet, the history of its development and its benefits. Therefore, do not get confused if you are asked or if there is a discussion on the Internet. It might be useful!

[Gambas:Video CNBC]

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