The development of the Internet has touched the third generation, which is Web 3.0 or for short, Web3. Initially, the Internet was created in the 1990s under the name Web1.0, which is open and decentralized in nature. From the 2000s until now, the internet we use is Web2.0, with the big tech companies having great influence and great infrastructure on site.
In Web3, all data will be linked to a decentralized system. This is what distinguishes it from Web2.0 which stores data in a central repository.
The term has been around for a long time, but the term Web3 popped up again last year. As noted by the New York Times, the emergence of the term Web3 is due in part to several things, such as the noisepart of marketing, in addition to the tendency to fear losing something new or Fear of losing (FOMO).
start of web 3.0
Web 3.0 was created by founding partner Ethereum, Gavin Wood, in 2014 as reported before CNBC International. Often shortened to Web3, the term originated from Wood’s vision of the future of the Internet as the successor to Web 1.0 and Web 2.0.
According to him, Web3 is a decentralized and democratized Internet. In this way, the big players in the cyberspace such as Amazon, Microsoft and even Google do not dominate.
The current dominance of Web 2.0 allows for a monopoly on Internet services. For this reason, Wood believes that if something goes wrong, it will have an impact on many people. It also highlighted internet users’ trust in those behind the service, including the owner of the company that runs the service.
According to the data smrashThe volume of user traffic on Google, Amazon, Youtube and Facebook exceeds all sites ranked from 5 to 20 combined. This proves that the monopoly of Internet services makes users access only the same site, instead of other sites available on the Internet.
The presence of a centralized system used by internet giant Wood made the internet users credible. According to him, users like it or not have to believe that the service will unilaterally keep their personal data.
“So we kind of modeled ourselves in a dystopian version of this world,” Wood said. webcast titled Beyond the valley.
For information, Web 1.0 or Web1 was originally a US government project called the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) that appeared in 1968. ARPANET operates as a small network that connects government and scientists from several universities there. Draft world wide web It originated from computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee.
At the time, only a few people had access to Web1 and the information generated was mostly coming from several companies. quotes DoorThe Web1 generation is still static and only interactive just reads. In this way, Web1 users of that era could only use the Internet to read and search for information
The next generation of the internet is Web 2.0 which was developed from 2004 till now, along with the birth of the social media era. Initially, Myspace and Facebook were social media pioneers, allowing social interaction among their users. Then, Google and YouTube came along that brought the concept of sharing, giving, and finding information in one device a program.
Unlike Web1 which offers limited interaction just readsIn the Web2 generation, Internet users can interact Read and write. In addition, Internet users can also read and share information on a program Social media. From these developments, new internet based job categories and industries were born. One of them is the profession influential Responsible for creating daily content at a program Social media.
Web3.0 Relationship to Cryptocurrencies
Web3 development is inseparable from cryptocurrencies, especially Bitcoin. Satoshi Nakamoto, the creator of Bitcoin, is its birthplace blue map Or a blue map of alternative payment systems in 2008. These payments use cryptographic codes and a technology called blockchain Which led to the birth of a decentralized payment system.
The development was answered by the founder of Ethereum, by making smart contracts which later became the basis of Web3. The technology connects to a previously developed decentralized network. Therefore, transactions on Web3 will mostly use cryptocurrencies.
In comparison, in the Web2 generation, Internet users can purchase Elements Any digital site. but, Elements It can disappear if the site creator shuts down his service or even deletes user data.
On the other hand, this possibility will not be found in the Web3 generation. This is due to possession Elements On Web3 directly through Irreplaceable icons or NFT. As a result, if the user wants to stop using the Service and Elements In it, Internet users can sell Elements her in it open source market.
Web3.0 Karakteristik Properties
launch page Door, There are four characteristics of Web 3: untrustworthyAnd the without prior authorizationAnd the Autonomy And the property data.
untrustworthy The point is that user interaction in Web3 will be based on computer algorithms without the need for a third party intermediary. This interaction also does not need certain permissions (without prior authorization), so user data is preserved.
Then the characteristics Autonomy This is embodied in the system decentralized autonomous organization or DAO, which is used by various applications and a program. With this system, users can set the policy direction a programso it can move away from the central concept used in Web2.0
characteristics property data It allows users to control personal data, unlike Web2 services which keep users’ personal data without any protection.