Biden pledges to expand space cooperation with South Korea and Japan

Seoul, South Korea – US President Joe Biden has promised to expand space cooperation with Japan and South Korea during back-to-back summits with leaders of two East Asian allies.

During the May 23 summit with Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida in Tokyo, Biden agreed to work to put the first Japanese astronaut on the moon as part of the NASA-led Artemis program. At a May 21 summit with South Korean President Yoon Seok-yeol in Seoul, Biden agreed to strengthen the alliance “across all sectors of space cooperation.”

at joint statement Released following the May 23 summit, Biden and Kishida announced “progress in cooperation on the Artemis program,” including their “shared intention to include a Japanese astronaut in the [the lunar] Gateway and human and robotic missions on the moon”, with the aim of signing an implementation agreement this year.

Biden said at a press conference after the summit with Kishida, which was Live broadcast on youtube. “I’m excited about the work we’ll be doing together at Gateway around the Moon, and I look forward to having the first Japanese astronaut join us on the mission to the lunar surface, under the Artemis program.”

Kishida make priority to put “Japanese shoes on the moon” Since its inauguration in October. He revised the Japanese space policy roadmap to include the goal of landing a Japanese astronaut on the moon by late 2020. The Japanese Prime Minister said during a press conference: “We will promote Project Artemis to perform manned activities on the moon, and in late 2020, we will try to achieve astronaut landings.” The Japanese are on the moon. December. 28 sessions Space Development Strategic Headquarters. The revised roadmap also calls for collaboration with the private sector in Japan to develop manned lunar vehicles and other systems “essential to human activities on the Moon.”

Ahead of the Tokyo summit, Biden met with South Korean President Yun in Seoul, where they agreed to enhance cooperation in all space-related sectors. Countries will embody the commitment in action-level dialogues by the end of the year.

US President Joe Biden, left, shakes hands with his South Korean counterpart Yoon Seok-yeol before their May 21 summit in Seoul, South Korea. Credit: Presidential Office of South Korea

The pledge was part of a broader set of trade, security and technology agreements reached between the two leaders during the summit.

they said in joint statement Issued after the summit, referring to South Korea’s official name, the Republic of Korea. “Based on the Republic of Korea’s previous commitment to participate in Artemis programThe two presidents agreed to strengthen joint research in the field of space exploration and support the ROK’s space development Korean Positioning System (KPS). ”

The two leaders also agreed to hold the third US-ROK Civil Space Dialogue by the end of the year to discuss concrete plans for cooperation in space exploration, navigation and policy. The two countries launched the dialogue in 2014, based on a decision made by the ROK-US Joint Commission on Scientific and Technological Cooperation. The first round of dialogue was held in Washington in July 2014, and second round In Seoul in April 2016, in the presence of officials from space agencies and relevant government bodies from both sides. The two sides discussed a range of issues, including space exploration, satellites, space environment, and space policy, through the channel, but for unknown reasons, it remained dormant after the second meeting.

“For the third decade [U.S.-ROK] The Civic Space Dialogue means that the two sides are committed to dealing with various space issues in an integrated manner,” said Ahn Hyung Jun, a research fellow at the Institute of Science and Technology Policy, a state-funded think tank based in Sejong, space news.

Furthermore, the two leaders said they are committed to “continuing to cooperate to ensure a safe and sustainable space environment including through bilateral dialogue on space policy and to strengthen defense space partnerships including through joint exercises.”

To discuss related issues, the US State Department and the South Korean Foreign Ministry will hold a fifth round of the Space Policy Dialogue in Seoul this year. The previous round Last August in Washington, where the two sides discussed issues “to strengthen bilateral and multilateral cooperation in the field of space security.”

The United States and South Korea continue to move closer in space security and defense. In April, the two countries agreed to cooperate in the field of State of Space Awareness (SSA) for military purposes. Under the agreementSeoul and Washington “Exchange intelligence about outer space, nurture space experts through training and exercises, and enhance interoperability of joint space operations.”

In August, the Chief of Staff of the South Korean Air Force, Gen. Park In Hoo, and General of the US Space Force. John W. Raymond, Chief of Space Operations, A Memorandum of Understanding on the formation of a Joint Space Policy Advisory Board at Peterson Air Force Base in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Under the agreement, the two sides operated a joint advisory body on space policy, exchanged information on space monitoring, and worked together to enhance capabilities for joint space operations such as missile defense. In line with this, the South Korean Air Force decided to join the joint military exercises led by the US Aerospace Forces.

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