9 Basic Digital Security Rules for Internet Users You Should Know

9 Basic Digital Security Rules for Internet Users You Should Know
Internet illustration. © 2012 Merdeka.com

Merdeka.com – The Internet has become increasingly complex with the development of information and digital technology. Now as users, you not only benefit from its advantages, but we also have to pay attention to the rules to protect our personal data.

We can easily submit personal data with our own consent without further research on the terms offered. In addition, indiscriminate use of the Internet and without additional security can make our devices accessible to third parties such as wiretapping and other digital crimes.

There are basic digital security rules that many people may have applied but others haven’t noticed how important it is to know certain points. Here are the basic digital security rules that internet users should know:

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1. Save your confidential data offline

Cybercriminals cannot access information if it is not found online. This is why keeping important documents offline is a basic digital security rule to protect them.

Some data, like your KTP number, should never appear online and can be accessed or viewed publicly even if it only appears for a few minutes as a social media status, for example.

However, when you still have to share it, be sure to send it as an email attachment. Also, feel free to encrypt the files before sending them.

2. Check website reliability

It is best practice to only subscribe to trusted and trusted websites. But how do you know if a website is trustworthy? First, look at the address line: there should be a small padlock at the beginning, that means the connection is encrypted.

Second, review the look and feel of the site. Here are some criteria to indicate if a website is safe to use:

  • The page looks clean and error free
  • Consistent grammar in body and title line
  • All images fit the screen width correctly
  • Ads look natural and don’t block the main content

If a website meets all of these criteria, it is more likely to be safe to use.

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3. Use a strong password

Using strong and unique passwords provides good online protection. A strong password must contain at least 12 characters and display a mixture of letters (uppercase and lowercase letters), numbers, and special characters. It becomes a basic rule of digital security to use the Internet safely.

If you don’t want to think about code combinations for passwords, you should try using one of the online password generators.

Ordinary portrait capitalization finger© Marco Poplasin / Shutterstock

4. Use two-factor authentication

Two-factor authentication or two-factor authentication is used to provide additional account security. When logging in to your account using two-factor authentication (2FA), you must not only enter the correct password, but also enter an additional code that was created previously or sent to the device.

If someone recently obtained the password for your account, they will not be able to access your profile without entering this additional code.

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5. Avoid suspicious links on the Internet

There are certain types of online content to avoid, suspicious links from untrusted sources and spam emails, clicks, online quizzes, tabloid headlines, “free” offers, or unwanted advertisements. It’s easy to spot: they’ll all prompt you to click or open it.

If an email attachment is malicious, the text will not mention the file. Instead, the message will say something like Open the attached file and tell me what you think..

On the website, make sure that the text and accompanying links have the same subject matter. If you click on a link to read more about polar bears and instead of watching the North Pole, you’ll get a “success story” about a celebrity who lost weight or quit smoking overnight, and you’d better leave the page right away.

6. Update your computer

You must use the latest version of the operating system and applications. Especially if the app contains payment, health, or other sensitive information.

Developers are constantly working to make the product secure, monitor the latest threats, and release security patches if vulnerabilities exist.

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7. Beware of Wi-Fi and free downloads

Free downloads, online services, or Wi-Fi networks are the most common sources of online security problems. If you decide to look for a free solution, make sure that it has a reliable reputation: search for the name of the service or program and you will likely find some comments about how it works.

Using free Wi-Fi is not always safe, but sometimes we need to get online urgently. Remember to avoid accessing your bank account or making purchases over free Wi-Fi.

If you need to do that, use VPN software to get protection for the data you send over an unsecured network. If it is not urgent, it is better to postpone important transactions until you get home.

8. Check the information online again

It is easy to get lost in the torrent of information online that we encounter every day. If you find something questionable, do your own research to see if it is true, or at least make up your mind about a problem. Trusted sites should contain references to genuine sources of information. Suspicious pages will not provide any references at all.

9. Secure your internet connection with a VPN

A VPN keeps your internet connection private by changing your IP address. It also hides sensitive data you send, including banking details when shopping online and other personal information that could be hacked.

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