7 Understanding Websites According to Experts, Types and Full Functions

Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – A website is a collection of web pages that are contained in a domain or sub-domain on the World Wide Web (WWW) on the Internet.

In today’s digital age, the Internet is one of the widely used tools to facilitate various activities.

Everyone can access the latest information from anywhere via the website using different devices from smartphones, tablets and laptops to computers just with an internet connection.

The website is one of the most frequently accessed platforms for finding various information and means of communication. Especially now that there are so many apps and tutorials How to create your own website from scratch without coding Which makes the web creation process easier and the number of websites in Indonesia is always increasing.

The rapid and efficient dissemination of information is the main reason why the website has always been an important means of obtaining and managing information.

Understanding websites according to the experts

According to experts, there are many meanings for the site, which are:

1. Gregory (2000)

A website is a collection of interconnected websites and all files are interconnected. The web is made up of pages and a group of pages called the home page.

2 – Luqman al-Hakim (2004)

A website is an internet medium that links documents both locally and remotely. Documents on a website are called web pages and users can use links on a website to switch from one page to another (hypertext) between pages that are stored on the same server or on servers around the world. The pages can be accessed or read through browsers such as Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, etc.

3. Azis Sholechul (2013)

A website is an information page that is provided over the Internet so that it can be accessed all over the world as long as it is connected to the Internet. A website is also a component or set of components consisting of text, images, sound and animation that is interesting to visit.

4. Hedayat (2010)

A website is a set of pages that are used to display text information, images, sound animations or a combination of all of them, whether static or dynamic and that form a series of interconnected pages, each connected to an interconnected network.

5. Yeni Susilwati (2019)

A website is a number of web pages containing topics interlinked from one page to another, which are usually placed on a web server that can be accessed over the Internet or a local area network (LAN).

6. Abdullah (2015)

A website is a set of pages consisting of several pages containing digital information in the form of images, text, sound, music and other animations provided through an Internet connection.

7. Bekti (2015)

A website is a collection of several pages that are used to display information in the form of text, images, animation, sound, or even a combination of all of them.

Site History

The site was first discovered by a British scientist named Tim Berners-Lee, who is also the son of a computer scientist in the early age of computing.

Berners-Lee’s team created a website with the goal of making it easier for researchers to share information in their workplace. Prior to 1990, Tim Berners-Lee wrote about three basic website technologies:

• HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language) is a markup language or format for web pages.
• A URI (Uniform Resource Identifier) ​​is a unique address to open a web page. This URI identifies resources on the web. The URI is now often referred to as a URL (Uniform Resource Locator).
• HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol), which allows to retrieve the resources connected to all websites.
On April 30, 1993, CERN, a physics laboratory in Switzerland, officially announced the launch of the site for free.

Site types

There are three types of websites that are broken down by nature, purpose and programming language, which are:

Types of websites

• A dynamic website is a website that contains content that changes from time to time, eg online store website, online banking website, etc.
• Static websites are websites whose content rarely changes, eg landing page website.

Types of websites by purpose

• A personal website is a website that contains a person’s personal information.
• The company’s website, a site owned by the company
• The Portal website is a website that contains many news, e-mail and other services.
• Media Sharing on the Web, a web that aims to share media between users such as photos, videos and music. Examples: Flickr, Youtube, Soundcloud.
• A forum site is a site that is used as a means of discussion for its visitors
• Apart from this, there are many other websites like government websites, e-banking, e-payments, e-purchasing, etc.

Types of websites by programming language

• Server side is the web that uses a server-based programming language such as PHP, ASP, etc. If there is no server, a website built using a programming language will not function properly.
• The client side is a site that does not require a server to run, and this site can be accessed through a browser.

Website Jobs

The main function of the site is the transmission of information. In this modern era, a website can be used as a marketing platform by businesses by reaching out to a wider range of customers on the internet. For individuals, website is often used as a means of communication and information dissemination and also for online business. Other functions of the site are:

1. Communication
You can easily communicate through social media platforms through the site. For example Facebook, WhatsApp, Twitter, Instagram, etc.

2. Information
The site acts as a medium for obtaining the latest and interesting information for Internet users to read. In addition to the site, it is also used as an educational medium such as lessons, tips, tricks, etc.

3. Entertainment
There are a lot of online game sites, movies, music, etc. on the website that can be entertaining for internet users.

4. Online buying and selling
The Site can also be used as a medium for commercial transactions in the form of goods, services, etc. This transactional functionality can also connect businesses, consumers, and specific communities.

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