Jakarta, CNBC Indonesia – Your personal data is a matter of privacy that must be preserved in the best possible way. However, what if it turns out that your personal data is being leaked on the Internet? Don’t panic, try to check the personal data leak on the Internet to find out the truth. If it turns out that your personal data has been leaked, take security measures immediately.
The risk of personal data leakage is increasing in the midst of technological developments that have penetrated various sectors. You may not realize that personal data in the form of emails, passwords and cell phone numbers has been leaked on the Internet. Before we proceed, let’s understand what personal data is.
What is personal data?
According to Permenkominfo No. Law No. 20 of 2016 regarding the protection of personal data in electronic systems was promulgated, that personal data is certain personal data that is stored, maintained, correct and protected, and confidentiality.
Moreover, some individual data is explained as any real and true information attached and identifiable, directly or indirectly, to each individual used in accordance with the provisions of the legislation.
Meanwhile, in PP No. No. 71 of 2019 clarifies that personal data is any data about an identified and/or identifiable person separately or together with other information, either directly or indirectly through electronic and/or non-electronic systems.
What does personal data include?
The subject of personal data is also in the Personal Data Protection Act, also known as the PDP Bill, which contains 72 articles and 15 chapters. It has been in operation since 2016, and the PDP bill will be ratified soon because it is now only in sync. According to the official DPR website, the PDP bill is intended to be ratified during the upcoming DPR session, which will take place in August 2022.
Paragraph (1) of Article 3 of the PDP Law states that personal data is divided into two parts, namely general personal data and specific personal data. Here is a full explanation of what personal data includes:
public personal data
In the PDP Act, Section 3, Paragraph (2), makes it clear that personal data of a general nature as referred to in Paragraph (1) letter A includes:
a. Full name;
Dr.. religion; wow
e. Personal data is combined to identify a person.
Specific personal data
Furthermore, in Article 3 Paragraph (3) of the PDP Bill, it is clarified that specific personal data as referred to in Paragraph (1)
The letter b includes:
a. health data and information;
B. biometric data;
c. genetic data
Dr.. life/sexual orientation;
e. political opinions;
F. Crime Records
g. baby data
h. Personal financial data and/or
I. Other data in accordance with the provisions of the legislation.
Rights of the owner of personal data
There are 12 rights of the owner of personal data in the draft PDP described in Article 4 to Article 14 paragraph (2). Here are 12 personal data owner rights:
The owner of personal data has the right to request information about clarity of identity, grounds for legal interests, the purpose of requesting and using personal data, and accountability of the parties requesting personal data.
The owner of personal data has the right to complete his personal data before it is processed by the personal data controller.
The owner of personal data has the right to access his personal data in accordance with the provisions of the legislation.
The owner of personal data has the right to update and / or correct errors and / or inaccuracies in his personal data in accordance with the provisions of the legislation.
The owner of personal data has the right to terminate the processing of his personal data, delete it and / or destroy it.
The owner of personal data has the right to withdraw consent to the processing of his personal data that was given to the personal data controller.
The owner of personal data has the right to object to decision-making actions based solely on the automatic processing of a person’s profile (profile).
The owner of the personal data has the right to choose or not to process the personal data through the pseudonym mechanism for certain purposes.
The owner of personal data has the right to delay or limit the processing of personal data proportionately in accordance with the purpose of processing the personal data.
The owner of personal data has the right to claim and obtain compensation for the violation of his personal data in accordance with the provisions of the legislation.
The Personal Data Owner has the right to obtain and/or use his Personal Data from the Personal Data Controller in a form compatible with the structure and/or format commonly used or readable by electronic systems or devices used for interoperability between electronic systems.
The owner of personal data has the right to use his personal data and send it to other personal data controllers, as long as the system can communicate with each other securely in accordance with the principles of personal data protection.
5 ways to check for personal data leaks on the Internet
The founder of the ethical hacker community, Teguh Aprianto, claims to have succeeded in creating a site that can detect whether or not someone’s data is leaking. The website equipped with this special tool is called checkdata.com. Here’s how to check for personal data leakage on the Internet using data verification:
Go to check data location on checkdata.com
Enter your email address in the space provided
Click “Check Now” to check the result.
Another no less easy way to check for personal data leakage on the Internet is to use Avast. With this multi-platform security website, you can easily check for personal data leakage on the Internet.
With Avast, you will receive a report on the number of times your email password has been leaked. Avast also informs you that your email is leaking when you connect to any site, from Gmail to various e-commerce services. Here is an easy way to check for personal data leaks on the Internet using Avast:
Go to the official Avast website at avast.com/hackcheck/
Enter your email in the column provided
Click “Check Now” and you will receive the result.
Another easy way is to use your main browser, Google Chrome. Google now has security features built into its Chrome browser.
When you enter a password to a site, Google will check whether the password was spread in a hack event. The feature has also been extended to provide direct access to the account location to change passwords.
If you are a Mozilla Firefox user, you can easily check for private data leaks on the Internet using their website called Firefox Monitor. It’s also easy just by entering your email, here are the steps to do:
Go to monitor.firefox.com in your browser
Enter the email and click “Check for breaks”
It will later appear on the screen whether or not your personal data has been leaked on the Internet.
Were you Pwned?
Have I Been Pwned (HIBP) is a popular website that has been around for a long time. This website collects data from various hacking events and you can check if the email used is in the hacking database.
The database used by HIBP can also be accessed through other sites, one of which is checkdata.com which was created by an Indonesian ethical hacker. Here’s an easy way to use it:
Go to haveibeenpwned.com
Enter your email and click “pwned?”
Wait for the process to complete and a description of your personal data will appear.
What to do if personal data leaks on the Internet?
Do not panic if your personal data is leaked on the Internet, you need to remain calm so that you can think clearly and take the right steps. If personal data is leaked on the Internet, immediately follow these steps:
You can start by changing email passwords to social media accounts. Changing passwords can be the first aid that you should do right away after knowing that your personal data is being leaked on the internet or even stolen by hackers.
Use a strong password of at least eight characters with a mix of letters, numbers, and symbols. Also, never use the same password across multiple accounts you have.
Perform two-factor authentication
It is not enough to change the password, you also need to enable two-factor authentication on each social media email account. This method requires the person accessing your account to enter additional identification, such as a code sent to a specific cell phone and email.
Submit a complaint to the platform where data is leaked and monitored periodically
When you know that personal data is leaking on the Internet, you should inform the organization or platform on which the data was leaked so that security measures and measures can be taken. After you file a complaint, regularly monitor the progress with a special message containing what happened and what to do next.
Supervising banking activity or freezing an account
If personal data is leaked on the Internet, always monitor your banking activities to prevent hackers from doing any harm. Indeed, if necessary, immediately freeze the account so that there are no negative events on your behalf, such as withdrawing money or opening a credit card.
Report to the authorities
You can also directly report leaks of personal data on the Internet to the authorities, specifically the Indonesian police. This step can be taken if the data leak is very harmful, such as the disappearance of funds in the account so that the credit card bill increases significantly.
The authorities will immediately investigate the data leakage and if a cyber crime is detected, the offender will be punished in accordance with the applicable law.
Here are five ways to check for personal data leakage on the Internet. You need to understand what personal data is, its types and its rights as the owner of personal data, to the steps to be taken in the event of a leak of personal data. It might be useful!
Beware of the spread of cybercrime in the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic